|Consists of||20 raions|
|Largest cities||Uman, Smela|
|Date of formation||7.01.1954|
|Population||1,328 M (2,86 %, 14th place)|
|Density||64,19 persons/sq. km|
|Area||20.9 K sq.km (3,46 %)|
|Time zone||GMT +2|
Current situation and further perspectives of agricultural development.
Cherkassy oblast is located in the central part of Ukraine, in the middle basin of the Dnieper. To the north of Kyiv in the east - from Poltava, in the south - from Kirovohrad and the west - with Vinnitsa regions.
Geographically located on the right bank of the Dnieper Upland, and the left bank - within the Dnieper lowland.
The subsoil is rich of non-metallic mineral character, i.e. there are deposits of brown coal and peat, as well as significant reserves of construction materials.
Land fund of the Cherkassy oblast of their fertile potential is one of the highest in Ukraine.
The climate of the Cherkassy oblast is moderately continental with mild winters and warm summers, so has a variety of vegetation. The average January temperature is -5.9 ° C and in July 19.5 ° C and 450-520 mm of precipitation per year.
The growing season lasts approximately 210 days.
The soil of the Right Bank is predominantely chernozem and medium-ashed chernozem, in Uplands places gray and light gray podzolic soil are laying. The most common are sod-gley, powerful and prairie sod-podzolic soils on the left bank.
Oblast is industrial and agrarian. In gross output industry (36%) and agriculture (27%) plays an important role. Cherkassy oblast is one of the leading Ukrainian producers of agricultural and food industries, especially sugar.
Industry of the oblast is represented mainly by the food industry. There are more than a dozen large and medium capacity sugar mills.
In the structure of agricultural production is traditionally dominated by cereals and sugar beet, beef and dairy cattle, pig and poultry farming, where the introduction of modern plant breeding and biotechnology to be achieved or already achieving.
By plowing farmland rate Cherkassy oblast is a leader in Ukraine, along with the Kherson oblast.
Chemical industry production is widely known such as: mineral fertilizers, chemical fibers, paints, chemicals, solvents, car care products, polymeric films, medicines.